The Most Sustainable Fabrics
We know that the clothes we wear and fabrics we buy, can damage the environment and the organisms living in it. However, as fashion tries to become more eco-friendly, here’s some of the most sustainable fabrics used throughout the industry.
Linen is one of the most biodegradable and stylish fabrics in fashion history. Made from flax plant fibres, it is a naturally strong fibre that becomes stronger when wet. Its natural colours include ivory, ecru, tan and grey. Being one of the oldest fibres known, dating back to 800BC, Linen is also one of the most versatile materials around.
An increasingly popular fibre, Tencel is naturally derived and thus is also biodegradable. Made from plant materials, Tencel requires less energy and water to produce than the likes of other renewable fibres such as Cotton. Tencel is a fantastic alternative for sport and activewear as not only is it breathable, it absorbs moisture and is soft on the skin. Note to self: buy more Tencel.
One of the most sustainable fabrics used in fashion is Organic cotton. An alternative to cotton, organic cotton is grown in a way that uses methods and materials that lessen the impact on our environment. The crops aren’t treated with pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and genetically modified organisms which are highly harmful for farmers and workers, us as consumers, and entire wildlife eco-systems.
Polyester is present in over 60% of all garments produced. The recycled fibre is made from cast-off polyester fabric and soda bottles, resulting in a carbon footprint that is 75 percent lower than virgin polyester. Recycled polyester contains toxic antimony, however many companies are working on removing this from their fabrics.
Hemp, the cousin plant to cannabis, is a densely grown plant, that naturally repels pests, resulting in zero pesticides being used in its production. Amazingly, it also returns 60-70% of the nutrients it takes from the soil. Not only is it gentle on the earth, it also requires very little water as well as a small amount of land to cultivate. This means Hemp needs very little energy to produce and also has an extremely high fibre yield per hectare; two key contributors to a sustainable material.